文章摘要
卢叶茂,梁益龙,龙绍檑,杨明,尹存宏.淬火20CrNi2Mo低碳钢中大角度晶界对强度的影响[J].材料导报,2018,32(24):4339-4345, 4369
淬火20CrNi2Mo低碳钢中大角度晶界对强度的影响
Effect of the High Angle Boundaries on Strength for 20CrNi2Mo Steel
  
DOI:10.11896/j.issn.1005-023X.2018.24.024
中文关键词: 20CrNi2Mo钢 马氏体 多层次结构 大角度晶界 有效控制单元
英文关键词: 20CrNi2Mo steel, martensite, multi-level microstructure, high angle boundaries, effective control unit
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(51461006)
作者单位E-mail
卢叶茂 贵州大学材料与冶金学院,贵阳 550025
贵州省材料结构与强度重点实验室,贵阳 550025 
luleafm@163.com,liangyilong@126.com 
梁益龙 贵州大学材料与冶金学院,贵阳 550025
贵州省材料结构与强度重点实验室,贵阳 550025 
luleafm@163.com,liangyilong@126.com 
龙绍檑 贵州大学材料与冶金学院,贵阳 550025
贵州省材料结构与强度重点实验室,贵阳 550025 
 
杨明 贵州大学材料与冶金学院,贵阳 550025
贵州省材料结构与强度重点实验室,贵阳 550025 
 
尹存宏 贵州省材料结构与强度重点实验室,贵阳 550025  
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中文摘要:
      采用OM、SEM、EBSD和TEM对20CrNi2Mo钢的微观组织进行定量表征,同时讨论了位错强化(σd)、固溶强化(σss)、析出强化(σd)和晶界强化(σg) 对试验钢强度的贡献,且利用经典的Hall-Petch关系分析了强度的有效控制单元。结果表明:随淬火温度的升高,试验钢的原奥氏体晶粒(dr)和马氏体束(d0)、块(db)等均增大,马氏体板条略微细化。同时,试验钢的强度随淬火温度的升高而降低,塑性增加;量化的四种强化方式中σd、σss 基本不变,σd忽略不计,试验钢的强度变化主要取决于σg。此外,试验钢的强度与多层次组织间的Hall-Petch关系揭示了块是强度的有效控制单元。
英文摘要:
      The micro-structures for 20CrNi2Mo were characterized quantitatively by OM, SEM, EBSD and TEM, and the contribution of strength was discussed from four strengthening mechanisms, e.g. dislocations hardening (σd), solid solution hardening (σss), precipitation hardening (σp) and grain boundary strengthening (σg). Subsequently, the Hall-Petch equation was used to determine the effective control unit of strength. The results showed that prior austenite grain (dr), packet (dp) and block (db) increased with the increasing of quenching temperature while the martensite lath decreased. Meanwhile, as the increasing of quenching tempe-rature, the strength of tested steel increased and the plasticity decreased. The increasing of strength was determined by σg or the common role for dr, dp and db, namely the dislocation was hindered from the high angle boundaries. The contribution of σd and σss remained and σd was ignored. In addition, the martensite was the effective control unit of strength from the Hall-Petch relationship.
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